Have you ever wondered where the world’s copper smelters are?  Or pondered reservoir storage data for the Colorado river?  Had questions about the residential energy use of US households?

Now you can find the answers to these questions, using data.gov, the stated purpose of which is “to increase public access to high value, machine readable datasets generated by the Executive Branch of the Federal Government.”  I’ve been writing for a while about the publishing power of the internet, but data.gov takes this to a whole new level.

It’s definitely a starting point, not an end, as there are only 47 raw datasets that you can access.  They cover a wide range of data and agencies, and were apparently chosen to kick things off because they “already enjoy a high degree of consensus around definitions, are in formats that are readily usable, include the availability of metadata, and provide support for machine-to-machine data transfer.”  The four main formats for data provided by data.gov are XML, CSV, KML and ESRI.  (There are also a number of widgets, and tools you can use, including the census factfinder.)

More datasets can be requested, and I’m hoping that they will be rolled out soon.  What a playground! Go take a look!

Update, 4:55: Here’s a great article on the whole process and problem.

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3 thoughts on “Data.gov–freely accessible data in standard formats from the USA federal government

  1. Ralph Dosser says:

    Man, I would have absolutely killed for a resource like this when I was a newsie.

    Maybe this is how we fill the void of the collapse of professional journalism: a host of amateur reporters cut loose on an ocean of data.

  2. moore says:

    Ralph, my thoughts on the future of media take longer than a comment to explain :). But I definitely think the freeing of data (and low cost internet publishing) can’t hurt our awareness (see opensecrets.org).

  3. moore says:

    I was talking to a friend who works for NOAA and he said this type of data sharing is all well and good, but not likely to get far. The reason? All these government agencies have limited budgets with which to meet their goals (aka their reasons to exist) and sharing data, especially with the public, is not one of the primary goals.

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